Finds a list of words or phases
banana pear "apple pie"
"apple pie" -salad +"ice cream"
Finds a single phrase (quotation marks are optional)
Finds a structured group of words or phrases linked by and, or not, w/.
tart apple pie– the entire phrase must be present
apple pie and pear tart– both phrases must be present
apple pie or pear tart– either phrase must be present
apple pie and not pear tart- only apple pie must be present
apple w/5 pear– apple must occur within 5 words of pear
apple not w/27 pear- apple must not occur within 27 words of pear
subject contains apple pie– finds apple pie in a subject field
apple and pear or orange juicecould mean (apple and pear) or orange, or it could mean apple and (pear or orange)
? matches any single character
appl? matches apply or apple
* matches any number of characters
appl*ion matches application
~~ indicates numeric range
14~~18 looks for 14, 15, 16, 17 or 18
xfirstword matches the first word of a document
apple pie w/10 xfirstword
xlastword matches the last word of a document
apple pie w/10 xlastword